This site is founded as a collection point for information on outbreaks of infectious disease in drinking water, and related topics. Links to, or files with, information from the popular press, as well as primary source information will be included.
Readers should contact the webmaster, Professor Charles N. Haas by e-mail with comments, additional links, or ideas for expansion.
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Formal CDC definition
US, 1997-1998 (all waterborne outbreaks reported to CDC)
US, 1995-1996 (all waterborne outbreaks reported to CDC)
US, 1993-1994 (all waterborne outbreaks reported to CDC)
US, 1991-1992 (all waterborne outbreaks reported to CDC)
Giardiasis Surveillance --- United States, 1992--1997 (CDC)
Compiled list of US outbreaks, 1976-1998
Causes of waterborne outbreaks in community water systems in Finland: 1980-1992, Water Science and Technology Vol 31 No 5-6 pp 33–36 (1995)
Furtado C, Adak GK, Stuart JM, Wall PG, Evans HS, Casemore DP. Outbreaks of waterborne infectious intestinal disease in England and Wales, 1992-5. Epidemiol Infect. 1998 Aug;121(1):109-19.
Carrollton, Georgia outbreak of Cryptosporidium (1987)
Cabool, Missouri outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 (1989/90)
Milwaukee oubreak of Cryptosporidium (1993)
Toxoplasmosis outbreak (Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (1995))
Sydney, Australia "event" of "Cryptosporidium" (1998)
Walkerton, Ontario, Canada, E. coli (2000)
World Health Organization
Central and South America
PROMED: "The global electronic reporting system for outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases & toxins, open to all sources"
EMERGING INFECTIONS OF INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH IMPORTANCE. Electronic course notes at the University of Washington - School of Public Health and Community Medicine
England: Chartered Institute of Environmental Health. Cryptosporidium Information
Legislative Assembly of British Columbia (Canada): Second Report on Protecting Drinking Water Sources (April 18, 2000)
Snow Mountain-Like Virus Identified in Young Children with Winter Vomiting Disease in South Africa, Journal of Diarrheal Diseases Research (1997)
Viral Agents of Gastroenteritis Public Health Importance and Outbreak Management MMWR 39(RR-5);1-24 Publication date: 04/27/1990
England & Wales: Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions. Cryptosporidium in Water Supplies (Dr. Ian Bouchier, November 1998)
Cryptosporidium spp. - A Review of the Organism, the Disease, and Implications for Managing Water Resources,Barbara J. Butler and Colin I. Mayfield Dept. of Biology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo Centre for Groundwater Research, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada (1996)
Lee, G. F. and Jones-Lee, A., "Public Health Significance of Waterborne Pathogens in Domestic Water Supplies and Reclaimed Water," Report to state of California Environmental Protection Agency Comparative Risk Project, Berkeley, CA, 27pp., December (1993).
On the Mode of Communication of Cholera, John Snow (1855)
(US) Central Intelligence Agency: "The Global Infectious Disease Threat and Its Implications for the United States", January 2000 report.
This is an ongoing project of Professor Charles N. Haas.
Links: Drexel University
School of Environmental Science, Engineering and Policy
There have been hits to this page since August 8, 2000
This page does not necessarily reflect the official position of Drexel University. This site does not intend to provide medical, legal, or engineering advice.
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last changed on April 17, 2001